LUNG CANCER

  • Results from an abnormality in the cell.
  • Tumors can be benign or malignant (cancer):
    • Benign tumors : Usually can be removed and do not
      spread to other parts of the body.
    • Malignant tumors: May grow aggressively and
      invade other tissue in the body.
  • Lung cancer may be caused by:
    • Smoking
    • Passive smoking (second-hand smoke)
    • Asbestos fibers
    • Radon gas
    • Familial predisposition
    • Air pollution
    • Prior history of lung cancer

Lung-cancer-small

CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common lung diseases. COPD makes
it difficult to breathe.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors include the following:

  • Smoking
  • Exposure to certain gases or fumes in the workplace
  • Exposure to second-hand smoke and pollution
  • Frequent use of cooking fire without proper ventilation

Symptoms:

  • Cough, with or without mucus
  • Fatigue
  • Many respiratory infections
  • Shortness of breath that gets worse with mild activity, trouble catching one’s breath
  • Wheezing

COPD

EMPHYSEMA

  • Over 3.7 million people in the United States live with emphysema.
  • It is often associated with chronic bronchitis and a component of chronic obstructive pulmonary
    disease (COPD).
  • Most patients with severe emphysema find it increasingly difficult to perform daily activities such as
    bathing, walking and sleeping.

emphysema